[ESL] 関係代名詞 (トラップ編)

■ When / Where は関係代名詞じゃない

I went to where people often visit......
I went there when people do something......
→ この Where と When は関係代名詞でない
てか、
WhereとWhenはそもそも関係代名詞でない
なので
I went to where was a old place. は誤用。関係代名詞でないのでWhere句の名詞がないのはNG。
つまり、
S V O where / when S V O
の形にならねばダメ
Where / When は単なる形容詞句だから。(無くても良い補助情報)

□ カンマの後はWhich だけで、カンマ以前の主節句全部を指す
Whoも可。ただ、その場合は主節句全部でなく特定の人を指す

□ 主節句と補助句をThatで繋ぐ時はカンマなし、もしくはセミコロン
セミコロンで繋げた場合、Thatは代名詞(pronoun)だが 形容詞句ではなくなる

□ 関係代名詞句の時制は主節句に合わせる

tag : 関係代名詞 When Where LANG ESL

2014-11-12 16:07 : 語学 : コメント : 0 : トラックバック : 0 :

[ESL] Characteristics

trustworthy ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐信頼できる、頼もしい
capable ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・有能な
down-to-earth ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐現実的な
kind ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・親切な
outgoing ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐社交的な
punctual ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・時間を守る
well-read ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・博識な
rational ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐合理的な
caring ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐気遣う
easygoing ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・気楽な
funny ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐面白い
well-traveled ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐旅行経験豊富な
thoughtful ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐思いやりのある
honest ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・正直な
fascinating ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・魅力的な
humble ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・謙虚な
generous ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐寛大な
neat ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐小奇麗な
affectionate ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・優しい
well-spoken ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐話し方が上品な
clever ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・賢い
hard-working ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐忠実な
stubborn ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・頑固な
obsessive ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐脅迫的な
loose-lipped ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・口が軽い
mischievous ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・やんちゃな
strict ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・厳格な
obnoxious ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐不快な
messy ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・乱雑な
sadistic ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐嗜虐的な
conservative ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐保守的な
ruthless ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・無慈悲な
shy ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・内気な
picky ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・うるさい、喧しい
talkative ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐お喋りの
irrational ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・理不尽な
aggressive ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐強引な、攻撃的な
shallow ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・浅はかな
perverted ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐悪用する
high-strung ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐過敏な、神経質な
phony ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・いんちきな
whiney ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐気難しい
bossy ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・横暴な
romantic ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐空想的な
addictive ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・習慣性の
moody ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・不機嫌な
conceited ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐高慢な、自慢たらしい
cruel ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・冷酷な、無慈悲な
malicious ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐意地悪な
irritable ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・短気な
emotional ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・感情的な
cold-hearted ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐冷酷な
depressed ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐暗い

tag : LANG ESL

2014-11-10 13:16 : 語学 : コメント : 0 : トラックバック : 0 :

[ESL] come across & come across as

■come across
~に出くわす、~をふと[偶然]見つける、~を見掛ける、~に遭遇する

When I first came across her, I got the that she is xxx.
How did he come across you ?
どうやって彼に会ったの?

■come across as
seems like
looks like
〈話〉~として受け入れられている、~に見える、~のような印象を与える

He comes across as a shy guy.
He comes across as professional.
※ 第一印象は過去も未来もない→第一印象を言う時は常に現在形
How did she come across ?
How did he come across to you ?
※ Asで文を終えるのはNG。Asの代わりにToを使う
She comes across to me as a noisy but cute girl.

tag : LANG ESL

2014-11-10 12:13 : 語学 : コメント : 0 : トラックバック : 0 :

[ESL] Difference of Make / Let / Have

Use MAKE when someone does not want to do something; when it is not one's will.
examples:
The coach made the players run five times around the field.
My mother made me wash the dishes.
Ms. Jones makes her assistant work late everyday.
Ms. Jackson always makes us make sentences.

User LET when someone wants to do something; when permission is given;
when one is allowed to do something.
examples:
My father let me go to the baseball game.
Jen let her sister wear her favorite dress.
The flight attendant let Toby have an extra pillow.

Use HAVE when someone else does something for you; it is neutral.
examples:
I had my hair cut yesterday.
Please have your boss call me.
I had a bouquet of flowers sent to my aunt for her birthday.
He always has his house cleaned on Wednesday. (maybe housekeeper or somebody.)
.

tag : Make Let Have LANG ESL

2014-11-10 10:30 : 語学 : コメント : 0 : トラックバック : 0 :
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