[ESL] 英語で算数


tag: LANG ESL EN addition multiplication division fraction

## 足し算 - addition
2 + 5 = 7
two plus five equals [is / makes] seven

## 引き算 - subtraction
10 - 2 = 8
ten minus two equals eight
7.2 - 9.3 = -2.1
seven point two minus nine point three equals negative [minus] two point one

## 掛け算 - multiplication
9 x 5 = 45
nine multiplied by five equals forty-five
nine times five equals forty-five
cf. times - much broken than multiplied

## 割り算 - division
18 / 3 = 6
eighteen divided by three equals six
10 / 3 = 3 ... 1
ten divided by three equals [is] three with a remainder of one

## 分数 - fraction
1/2
one-half [a half]
1/4
one-fourth [a quarter]
4/7
four-seventh
7 3/8
seven and three-eights

## etc.
奇数 - odd number
偶数 - even number
四捨五入 - round off
比例 - proportion
九九表 - multiplication table
A ≠ B
A is not equal to B [A does not equal B]
A > B
A is greater than B
A <= B
A is less than or equal to B

tag : LANG ESL EN addition multiplication division fraction

2017-03-15 03:59 : 語学 : コメント : 0 : トラックバック : 0 :

[ESL] 病院で使う言葉たち

tag: LANG XSL ESL EN

### 診断書の作成依頼
To the Attending physician
Please issue doctor's diagnosis and specification of medical treatment together with receipt for expeditious handling of claim payments by the insurance company.

### 一般的症状 General Condition
痛み pain
鈍痛 dull pain
発熱 fever
だるい tiredness
のどが渇く thirsty
不眠症 insomnia
肩こり stiffness in the shoulder
吹き出物 rash
激しい痛み sharp pain
寒気 chill
発汗 sweat
頭痛 headache
眩暈がする dizzy
呼吸困難 difficulty in breathing
眠い sleepy
むくみ edema
風邪 cold
腰痛 lumbago
便秘 constipation
糖尿 glycosuria

### 消化器系 Digestive System
げっぷ belch
胃潰瘍 gastric ulcer
不快感 discomfort
食欲不振 anorexia
胃炎 gastritis
肝炎 hepatitis
胃が痛む stomachache
十二指腸炎 duodenitis
ビールス肝炎 viral hepatitis
胃下垂 gastroptosis
胸やけ heartburn
圧痛 tenderness
吐き気 nausea
虫垂炎 appendicitis
胆石症 gall stones
食欲 appetite
吐く vomiting
軟便 loose stool
下痢 diarrhea
血便 bloody stool
腹の痛み abdominal pain
胃酸過多症 hyperacidity

### 呼吸器系 Respiratory System
胸が痛い chest pain
咳 cough
くしゃみ sneeze
背中の痛み back pain
喘息 asthma
気管支炎 bronchitis
上気道感染症 URI (Upper Respiratory Infection)
肺炎 pneumonia
助膜炎 pleurisy
たん sputum

### 心臓循環器系統 Circulatory System
動悸 palpitation
心臓発作 heart attack
脈が速い tachycardia
高血圧性 hypertensive
心臓神経症 cardiac neurosis
チアノーゼ cyanosis
息切れ short of breath
狭心症 anginal
低血圧 typotension
脈が乱れる arhythmia
脈が少ない brady cardia
動脈硬化症 arteriosclerosis

### 神経・筋肉系統 Nerve and Muscle System
幻覚 illusion
手先が震える tremor
めまい dizziness
顔面神経麻痺 facial palsy
感覚麻痺 hypesthesia
視覚減退 visual disturbance
言語障害 speech disturbance
筋肉痛 muscular pain
痙攣 convulsion
脳貧血 cerebral anemia
ストレス stress
関節痛 joint pain

### 外科系統 Surgical System
外傷 external wounds
刺し傷 puncture
打撲 contusion
擦り傷 laceration
突き指 sprained finger
骨折 fracture
捻挫 torsion, strain
おでき furuncle
切り傷 cut
脱臼 dislocation of born
膿 pus
火傷 burns
出血 bleeding

### 皮膚科系統 Skin System
かゆい itchy
紫のはん点 bruise
小児湿疹 infantile eczema
蕁麻疹 urticaria
湿疹 eczema
膿胞 cyst

### 耳鼻咽喉科系統 Ear, Nose, and Throat System
耳垂れ ear discharge
咽頭炎 pharyngitis
鼻炎 rhinitis
外耳炎 otitis externa
内耳炎 otitis interna
聴力低下 difficulty in hearing
喉の痛み sore throat
声がかれる hoarse voice
耳鳴り ringing in the ear
声が出ない loss of voice
中耳炎 otitis media
鼻血 nasal bleeding
耳炎 otitis
口内炎 stoatitis
鼻が詰まる nose obstruction
口頭炎 laryngitis
耳痛 earache
鼻腔炎 sinusitis
鼻水 running nose

tag : LANG XSL ESL EN

2017-03-12 21:08 : 語学 : コメント : 0 : トラックバック : 0 :

[XSL] 面の皮が厚い

日中英で同じ表現なのが興味深い(´・ω・`)


tag : JSL ESL CSL

2015-08-31 18:58 : 語学 : コメント : 0 : トラックバック : 0 :

[ESL] Reporting verbs

■reporting verbs similar in use to Say ( - say sb that?blah-blah-blah)
announce...........公表する
comment.............批評する
mention...............に言及する
remark................述べる
state.....................を述べる
admit....................を認める
confess...............認める、白状する
point out.............を指摘する、に注目させる
report..................報告する
shout...................叫ぶ
whisper...............ささやく
brag.....................自慢する
complain............不満を言う
reply....................返答する
explain...............説明する
indicate.......... ...指し示す、表示する

■reporting verbs similar in use to Tell ( - tell sb that blah-blah-blah)
convince.............説得する
persuade............説得する
inform..................知らせる
notify....................通知する
assure.................であると断言する、を保証する
reassure.............を再確認する
remind.................に気付かせる

tag : LANG ESL

2015-04-13 14:04 : 語学 : コメント : 0 : トラックバック : 0 :

[ESL] 動詞の活用形

ndicative?―?直説法?― 使う
Progressive?―?進行形?― 使っている
Imperative?― 命令法 ― 使え
Voltional?― 意思に基づく ― 使おう
Conditional?― 条件文 ― 使えば、使ったら
Shimau?― XXX ― 使ってしまう、使っちゃう
Passive?― 受動態 ― 使われる
Causative?― 使役の ― 使わせる?

tag : LANG ESL

2015-04-13 13:36 : 語学 : コメント : 0 : トラックバック : 0 :

[ESL] エッセイ入門 (小論文入門)―接続詞編

essaytransition

■例・詳細
As an example, ~.
In fact ~.
To be more precise, ~.
In other words, ~.

■j追加
In addition, ~.
Moreover, ~.
Besides, ~.
Also, ~.

■対比・相違
On other hand, ~.
In contrast to ~.
However, ~.

tag : essay transition LANG ESL

2015-04-06 22:35 : 語学 : コメント : 0 : トラックバック : 0 :

[ESL] (Phrasal Verbs/句動詞) pass out / get away with / put up with etc.

■pass out
-- distribute sth (separable)
-- sleep exhausted (inseparable)
-- fall asleep
-- drink too much
I cannot believe that I passed out in jangle.
I cannot believe that I passed out when I was xxx.
I cannot believe that I passed out while I took a test.
I cannot believe that I passed out on the subway.
I really need to work on passing these handouts out much more quickly to my students.

■get away with
get away with {gerund}
get away with {noun}
I got away with murder when I was a kid. (子供だった頃、悪さばかりしていた)
kids get away with -
suspect get away with -
workers get away with -
He got away with shoplifting ten puppies from a pet store.
He got away with it by doing sth.
I have never gotten away with completing my tasks.
http://www.wikihow.com/Get-Away-With-Anything
If I hadn't stolen the puppies, I would not have gone to jail.

■put up with
I put up a lot with kids.
I hate putting up with staying in the same place.
I hate putting up with my roommate.

■turn up late
show up late
<--> show up in time
I'm running late.

■turn down
reject

■let down
make sb disappointed

■come across as
I was really surprised that she came across as a professional.

■bring up
I would love to bring up the funny story to my best friend and see how she reacts.
I would leave to bring up a surprising party.

tag : LANG ESL

2015-02-17 06:37 : 語学 : コメント : 0 : トラックバック : 0 :

[ESL] Passives

Everybody was shocked by the terrible news yesterday.
Not much has been said about the accident since that time.
Our plan is being considered by the members of the committee.
He was held responsible for the accident.
= He was considered responsible for the accident.
= They held him responsible for the accident

tag : LANG ESL

2015-02-16 03:56 : 語学 : コメント : 0 : トラックバック : 0 :

[ESL][CEP] クラス構成

B1-4
I1-6
A1-6
Advanced Studies

total 21 classes (2014 Fall)

2014 fallはA4から存在したよう
A2は午前と午後の2クラス

ESLは各クラス 2名のTC生が教える

TC生も前日に誰が自分のペアなのか、どのクラスを教えることになるのかを知る

ちなみにTCは修士課程と博士課程のみ
学生の大半が留学生で皆がバイリンガル

年内に受講歴があればプレイスメントテストは免除される
前回受講コースをパスしていれば自動的に次のレベルのコースになる

tag : CEP LANG ESL

2014-12-01 17:09 : 語学 : コメント : 0 : トラックバック : 0 :

[ESL] 関係代名詞 (トラップ編)

■ When / Where は関係代名詞じゃない

I went to where people often visit......
I went there when people do something......
→ この Where と When は関係代名詞でない
てか、
WhereとWhenはそもそも関係代名詞でない
なので
I went to where was a old place. は誤用。関係代名詞でないのでWhere句の名詞がないのはNG。
つまり、
S V O where / when S V O
の形にならねばダメ
Where / When は単なる形容詞句だから。(無くても良い補助情報)

□ カンマの後はWhich だけで、カンマ以前の主節句全部を指す
Whoも可。ただ、その場合は主節句全部でなく特定の人を指す

□ 主節句と補助句をThatで繋ぐ時はカンマなし、もしくはセミコロン
セミコロンで繋げた場合、Thatは代名詞(pronoun)だが 形容詞句ではなくなる

□ 関係代名詞句の時制は主節句に合わせる

tag : 関係代名詞 When Where LANG ESL

2014-11-12 16:07 : 語学 : コメント : 0 : トラックバック : 0 :

[ESL] Characteristics

trustworthy ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐信頼できる、頼もしい
capable ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・有能な
down-to-earth ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐現実的な
kind ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・親切な
outgoing ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐社交的な
punctual ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・時間を守る
well-read ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・博識な
rational ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐合理的な
caring ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐気遣う
easygoing ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・気楽な
funny ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐面白い
well-traveled ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐旅行経験豊富な
thoughtful ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐思いやりのある
honest ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・正直な
fascinating ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・魅力的な
humble ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・謙虚な
generous ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐寛大な
neat ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐小奇麗な
affectionate ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・優しい
well-spoken ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐話し方が上品な
clever ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・賢い
hard-working ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐忠実な
stubborn ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・頑固な
obsessive ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐脅迫的な
loose-lipped ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・口が軽い
mischievous ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・やんちゃな
strict ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・厳格な
obnoxious ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐不快な
messy ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・乱雑な
sadistic ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐嗜虐的な
conservative ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐保守的な
ruthless ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・無慈悲な
shy ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・内気な
picky ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・うるさい、喧しい
talkative ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐お喋りの
irrational ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・理不尽な
aggressive ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐強引な、攻撃的な
shallow ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・浅はかな
perverted ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐悪用する
high-strung ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐過敏な、神経質な
phony ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・いんちきな
whiney ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐気難しい
bossy ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・横暴な
romantic ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐空想的な
addictive ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・習慣性の
moody ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・不機嫌な
conceited ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐高慢な、自慢たらしい
cruel ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・冷酷な、無慈悲な
malicious ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐意地悪な
irritable ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・短気な
emotional ・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・・感情的な
cold-hearted ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐冷酷な
depressed ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐暗い

tag : LANG ESL

2014-11-10 13:16 : 語学 : コメント : 0 : トラックバック : 0 :

[ESL] come across & come across as

■come across
~に出くわす、~をふと[偶然]見つける、~を見掛ける、~に遭遇する

When I first came across her, I got the that she is xxx.
How did he come across you ?
どうやって彼に会ったの?

■come across as
seems like
looks like
〈話〉~として受け入れられている、~に見える、~のような印象を与える

He comes across as a shy guy.
He comes across as professional.
※ 第一印象は過去も未来もない→第一印象を言う時は常に現在形
How did she come across ?
How did he come across to you ?
※ Asで文を終えるのはNG。Asの代わりにToを使う
She comes across to me as a noisy but cute girl.

tag : LANG ESL

2014-11-10 12:13 : 語学 : コメント : 0 : トラックバック : 0 :

[ESL] Difference of Make / Let / Have

Use MAKE when someone does not want to do something; when it is not one's will.
examples:
The coach made the players run five times around the field.
My mother made me wash the dishes.
Ms. Jones makes her assistant work late everyday.
Ms. Jackson always makes us make sentences.

User LET when someone wants to do something; when permission is given;
when one is allowed to do something.
examples:
My father let me go to the baseball game.
Jen let her sister wear her favorite dress.
The flight attendant let Toby have an extra pillow.

Use HAVE when someone else does something for you; it is neutral.
examples:
I had my hair cut yesterday.
Please have your boss call me.
I had a bouquet of flowers sent to my aunt for her birthday.
He always has his house cleaned on Wednesday. (maybe housekeeper or somebody.)
.

tag : Make Let Have LANG ESL

2014-11-10 10:30 : 語学 : コメント : 0 : トラックバック : 0 :

[ESL] A Letter to My Nephew By James Baldwin

Dear James:

I have begun this letter five times and torn it up five times. I keep seeing your face, which is also the face of your father and my mother. I have known both of you all your lives and have carried your daddy in my arms and on my shoulders, kissed him and spanked him and watched him learn to walk. I don't know if you have know any body from that far back, if you have loved anybody that long, first as an infant, then as a child, then as man. You gain a strange perspective on time and human pain and effort.
Other people cannot see what I see whenever I look into your father's face, for behind your father's face as it is today are all those other faces which were his. Let him laugh and I see a cellar your father does not remember and a house he does not remember his falling down the cellar steps and howling and I remember with pain his tears which my hand or your grandmother's hand so easily wiped away, but no one's hand can wipe away those tears he sheds invisibly today which one hears in his laughter and in his speech and in his songs.

Well, you were born; here you came, something like fifteen years ago. You were a big baby. I was not. Here you were to be love. To be loved, baby, hard at once and forever to strengthen you against the loveless world. Remember that. I know how black it looks today for you. It looked black that day too. Yes, We were trembling. We have not stopped trembling yet, but if we had not loved each other, none of us would have survived, and now you must survive because we love you and for the sake of your children and your children's children.

***

This innocent country set you down in a ghetto in which, in fact, it intended that you should perish. Let me spell out precisely what I mean by that for the hear of the matter is here and the crux of my dispute with my country. You were born where you were born and faced the future that you faced because you were black and for no other reason. The limits to your ambition were thus expected to be settled. You were born into a society which spelled out with brutal clarity and in as many ways as possible that you were a worthless human being. You were not expected to aspire to excellence. You were expected to make peace with mediocrity. Wherever you have turned, James, in your short time on this earth, you have been told where you could go and what you could do and how you could do it, where you could live and whom you could marry. I know your countrymen do not agree with me here and I hear them saying, "You exaggerate." They do not know Harlem and I do. So do you. Take no one's word for anything, including mine, but trust your experience. Know whence you came. If you know whence you came, there is really no limit to where you can go. The details and symbols of your life have been deliberately constructed to make you believe what white people say about you. Please try to remember that what they believe, as well as what they do and cause you to endure, does not testify to your inferiority, but to their inhumanity and fear.

Please try to be clear, dear James, through the storm which rages about your youthful head today, about the reality which lies behind the words "acceptance" and " integration." there is no reason for you to try to become like white men and there is no basis whatever for their impertinent assumption that they must accept you. The really terrible thing, old buddy, is that you must accept them, and I mean that very seriously. You must accept them and accept them with love, for these innocent people have no other hope. They are in effect still trapped in a history which they do not understand and until they understand it, they cannot be released from it. They have had to believe for many years, and for innumerable reasons, that black men are inferior to white men.

You don't be afraid. I said it was intended that you should perish, in the ghetto, perish by never being allowed to go beyond and behind the white man's definition, by never being allowed to spell your proper name. You have, and many of us have, defeated this intention and by a terrible law, a terrible paradox, those innocents who believed that your imprisonment made them safe are losing their grasp of reality. But these men are your brothers, your lost younger brothers, and if the word "integration" means anything, this is what it means, that we with love shall force our brothers to see themselves as they are, to cease fleeing from reality and begin to change it, for this is your home, my friend. Do not be driven from it. Great men have done great things here and will gain and we can make America what America must become.

It will be hard, James, but you come from sturdy peasant stock, men who picked cotton, dammed rivers, built railroads, and in the teeth of the most terrifying odds, achieved an unassailable and monumental dignity. You come from a log line of great poets, some of the greatest poets since Homer. One of them said, "The very time I though I was lost, My dungeon shook and my chains fell off."

You know and I know that the country is celebrating one hundred years of freedom one hundred years too early. We cannot be free until they are free. God bless you, James, and Godspeed.

Your uncle,
JAMES

ref
http://www.progressive.org/news/2014/08/5047/letter-my-nephew

tag : LANG ESL

2014-10-23 14:51 : 語学 : コメント : 0 : トラックバック : 0 :

[ESL] 仮定法 (Conditional Sentences)

(第1文節) If I were you, (第2文節) I would not do so.
Conditional Sentences = a condition ( an if clause ) + a result clause

拡大

続きを読む

tag : LANG ESL

2014-10-16 12:53 : 語学 : コメント : 0 : トラックバック : 0 :

[ESL] エッセイ入門 (小論文入門)

Essay = Intro + Body + Conclusion

Intro = Hook (Catch) + Topic intro + Main Idea (Thesis) + Development
* Thesis = argumentative
* Development = would be the reason of the thesis

Body
it could be many.
should includes;
-topic
-evidence
-conclusion / transition (to the next body)

Conclusion

tag : LANG ESL

2014-10-15 14:47 : 語学 : コメント : 0 : トラックバック : 0 :

[ESL] 受動態

passive
-present
-past

passive (progressive)
-present progressive: is/are + being + p.p.
-past progressive: was/were + being + p.p.

perfect passive: no "when" -> past perfect

e.g.
The paper had been turned around.
The words had been erased.
The chair had been moved.
The books had been hidden.
The table had been moved.

tag : 受動態 過去完了 present passive past progress LANG ESL

2014-10-15 14:41 : 語学 : コメント : 0 : トラックバック : 0 :

[ESL] 助動詞

Can
Ability: Julie can swim.
permission: can I come with you? / may I come with you?
Offer: can I help you?

Could
Possibility: that story could be true - who knows!
Past ability: Charlie could swim when he was four years old.
Permission: could I use your phone?
Requests: could you tell me the way to the station please?

May
Possibility: the president may come to our offices if the meeting finishes before 5 pm.
Permission: may I borrow your dictionary?

Might
Slight possibility: we might win a prize but I doubt it.
Past form of 'may' in reported speech: the president said he might come.

Should
Advise: you should take an umbrella in case it rains.
Logical deduction: I've revised so I should be ready for the test.

Ought to
Advise: you ought to write to your grandmother.
Logical deduction. 30 ? ought to be enough for the taxi.

Shall
Offers/suggestions with "I" and "we": shall I order a taxi? / shall we begin the meeting now?

Will
Future tense auxiliary: tomorrow I will be in New York.
Invitations/offers: will you join us for coffee? Won't you come in?

tag : LANG ESL

2014-10-14 00:47 : 語学 : コメント : 0 : トラックバック : 0 :

[ESL] 仮定法過去 (用例)

Because I am here, I couldn't attend my best friend's wedding. If I hadn't came here, I could have attended the party. If I could do it all again, I would beg my boss to postpone the trip to next year.

Another thing I regret is that I didn't sleep well last night. Because of that, I couldn't have enough time to have a breakfast. If I hadn't stayed up late yesterday, I would have had enough time to finish my breakfast. If I could do it all again, I would go to bed before twelve.

tag : LANG ESL

2014-10-13 10:35 : 語学 : コメント : 0 : トラックバック : 0 :

[ESL] People's Personality

Good Traits and Bad Traits
良い特徴と悪い特徴

Generous - 寛大
Well-traveled - social
Stingy - strict about money (negative)
Moody - not stable in feeling. emotional - 不機嫌な
Kind
Mean - not kind. harsh somebody. (very negative) - 忌ま忌ましい
Reliable - 信用できる
Honest
Ambitious - 野心的な
Rude
Well-educated
Warmhearted
Lazy
Outgoing - social
Easygoing - のんきな
Stubborn - stone head. <-> flexible
Unreliable
Deceitful - not honest - 欺瞞的な
Intelligent
Polite
Greedy - never satisfy. mostly used for money. =~ stingy - 貪欲な
Impatient
Hardworking - 忠実な
Shy
Ignorant - not consider others <-> considerate - 無知な
Thoughtful - 思いやりのある
Affectionate - love others - 優しい温かい
Arrogant - always know what to do. proud of himself - 横柄な、傲慢な
Obnoxious - 反抗的な、不愉快な、感じの悪い

Kind is the opposite of inconsiderate
Stingy is the opposite of generous-minded
Shy is the opposite of Showy
Honest is the opposite of deceitful
Rude is the opposite of polite
Lazy is the opposite of hard working

tag : LANG ESL

2014-10-10 13:50 : 語学 : コメント : 0 : トラックバック : 0 :

[ESL] イディッシュ語が語源の英語。てかイディッシュ語。

Yiddish

1. glitch
(n.) A minor problem or error.
Everything sounds good...there's just one glitch. We don't have enough funds in the budget.

2. klutz
(n.) A clumsy or awkward person.
Oops...I spilled my coffee. I'm such a klutz.

3. kosher
a. (adj.) Food that is acceptable according to Orthodox Jewish law.
Make sure you buy the kosher salt.
b. (adj) Acceptable
His behavior tonight was not kosher.

4. kvetch
(v.) To complain
Stop kvetching and get back to work.

5. Mazel Tov
Congratulations!

6. nosh
(n.) A light snack. (v.) To nibble.
I'm hungry. Let's get a little nosh before we go home.

7. oy vey
Oh my God.
Oy vey...is it hot today!

8. Shlep
(v.) To carry or drag something heavy.
I always travel light so I don't have to shlep heavy suitcases around.

9. shmooze
(v.) To chat. To make small talk. To network.
If you want to get ahead in Hollywood, you have to shmooze.

10. schmuck
(n.) A fool. A jerk.
I can't believe he didn't say thank you. He's such a schmuck.

tag : LANG ESL Yiddish glitch klutz kosher kvetch Mazel_Tov nosh oy_vey

2014-10-01 12:36 : 語学 : コメント : 0 : トラックバック : 0 :

[ESL] 受動態構文 Passive Voice

Passive Voice (focus on the process or action)

Simple present
George Zambelli is considered the King of Fireworks.

Present progressive
Fireworks are still being produced by the Zambelli family.

Present perfect
More than 25 percent of fireworks used in the United States have been produced by descendants of Italian immigrants.

Simple past
The Zambelli fireworks recipes were written down in a little black book by family members and carried across the Atlantic at the beginning of the 20th century.

Past progressive
Firework explosive chemicals were being packed into a small tube when I visit the Zambelli Fireworks factory.

Past perfect
By the end of the 20th century, thousands of tons of fireworks had already been produced by the Zambelli Fireworks Company.

tag : LANG ESL

2014-10-01 12:23 : 語学 : コメント : 0 : トラックバック : 0 :

[ESL] 受動進行形 Progressive Passive Tense

Progressive Passive Tense
be + being + past perfect tense

The knight is riding a horse.
The horse is being ridden by the knight.

Sheila is drinking a cup of tea.
The cup of tea is being drunken by Sheila.

The cows are being milked by farmer Joe.

She is taking a picture of him.
A picture of him is being taken by her.

The poem is being written by me.

We are not playing football.
Football is not being played by us.

The tie is not being worn by him.
(wear-wore-worn)

Are they talking about the mtg?
Is the mtg being talked about by them?

-----

Coffee beans were always being bought "every morning."
attach the frequency.

tag : LANG ESL

2014-09-29 11:10 : 語学 : コメント : 0 : トラックバック : 0 :

[ESL] 英語のクラス

■FREE ADULT EDUCATION CLASSES 
http://www.uft.org/files/attachments/free-adult-education-classes-flier.pdf


■Trinity Lutheran Church
Sunday Worship starts 11am
English as a Second Language classes
http://www.trinitylutherannyc.org/outreach/esl
Thursdays 6:00 PM-7:30 PM
To contact us by phone, please call (212) 222-7045.
You can also contact us by email us at TLCofNYC@gmail.com.
Pastor Heidi Neumark can be reached at hneumark@gmail.com or 917-374-4212.
-----
164 West 100th Street. New York, NY 10025 | 212-222-7045
By Subway: Take No. 1, 2 or 3 Train to 96th Street and Broadway. Walk up Broadway to 100th Street, then turn right. Church is a block and a half on the right - across Amsterdam Ave.
By Bus: Take No. M11 or M7 uptown or downtown to Columbus, or Amsterdam, Avenue and 100th St. OR take the No. M104 on Broadway to 100th St. OR take No. M96 crosstown to 96th St. and Amsterdam Avenue.


■The Riverside Church
http://www.theriversidechurchny.org/education/?accel-allages
The Riverside Church
490 Riverside Drive
New York, New York 10027
212-870-6700

English Conversation Program
Founded in November 1961, the program celebrates Riverside痴 commitment to international concerns. Individuals from countries outside the United States get the opportunity to practice their English language skills by speaking for at least one hour per week with a volunteer in an informal setting.

The Riverside Church English Conversation Program has volunteers who meet with a student once a week for one hour.

Call 212.870.6735 and leave your name and telephone number and a member of the program will be in touch with you. You can also email us at englishconversation4@gmail.com.

Sundays:
Morning Light
8:30 a.m.
In the Meditation Chapel
8:30 a.m.-9:00 a.m.: Meditation
9:00 a.m.-9:30 a.m.: Scripture and Homily
Service of Worship
10:45 a.m.
In the Nave
Communion is celebrated on the first Sunday of the month and is also interpreted in American Sign Language.


NYPL, ESOL
http://www.nypl.org/events/classes/esol
http://www.nypl.org/events/classes/adult-learning-centers
http://www.nypl.org/events/classes/esol/man-eng
esol@nypl.org

Manhattan Classes:

Aguilar Library
174 East 110th Street (between Lexington & Third Avenue)
New York, NY 10029
212.534.2930
Attend an Information Session to register for classes

Chatham Square Library
33 East Broadway
New York, NY 10002
212.964.6598
Attend an Information Session to register for classes

Fort Washington Library
535 West 179th Street (between St. Nicholas & Audubon Aves.)
New York, NY 10033
212.927.3533
Attend an Information Session to register for classes

Harlem Library
9 West 124th Street (at Marcus Garvey Park)
New York, NY 10027
212.348.5620
Attend an Information Session to register for classes

Inwood Library
4790 Broadway (near Dyckman Street)
New York, NY 10034
212.942.2445
Attend an Information Session to register for classes

Mid-Manhattan Library
455 Fifth Avenue
New York, NY 10016
212.340.0863
Attend an Information Session to register for classes

Muhlenberg Library
209 West 23rd Street (near Seventh Avenue)
New York, NY 10011
212.924.1585
Attend an Information Session to register for classes

Riverside Library
127 Amsterdam Avenue ( at West 65th Street)
New York, NY 10023
212.870.1810
Attend an Information Session to register for classes

Seward Park Library
192 East Broadway (at Jefferson Street)
New York, NY 10002
212.477.6770
Attend an Information Session to register for classes

St. Agnes Library
444 Amsterdam Avenue (near @ 81st Street)
New York, NY 10024
212.621.0619
Attend an Information Session to register for classes

Tompkins Square Library
331 East 10th Street
New York, NY 10009
212.228.4747
Attend an Information Session to register for classes

マンハッタンも外れの分館で行われてること多し
時間帯も昼と夕時で業務後に通うのは厳しい
しいて挙げるならミッドマンハッタンのconversation class @Thu, 1800-


■The City University of New York
http://www.cuny.edu/about/resources/citizenship/info4noncitizens/FreeEnglishClasses/OtherEnglishClasses/Rescue.org_ESL_Class_Spring2014.pdf
Mon, Wed, and Fri; 10am-12pm and 1-3pm
NEEDS GREEN CARD

The Adult and Continuing Education Divisions at fourteen CUNY colleges offers free English language classes
http://www.cuny.edu/about/resources/citizenship/info4noncitizens/FreeEnglishClasses/OtherEnglishClasses.html
http://www.cuny.edu/about/resources/citizenship/info4noncitizens/FreeEnglishClasses/CUNYEnglishClasses/ONA-ESL-Services-Flyer.pdf

The Office for New Americans (ONA)
ONA Neighborhood-Based Opportunity Center
CUNY Express
560 West 181st Street
Washington Heights
citizenshipnowevents@cuny.edu.

The Office for New Americans (ONA) and CUNY Citizenship Now! offers free English as a Second Language (ESL) classes. Classes will be available in the mornings, the evenings, and on Saturdays.

MANHATTAN
English Classes at the ONA Neighborhood-Based Opportunity Center
The Office for New Americans (ONA) and CUNY Citizenship Now! offers free English as a Second Language (ESL) classes. Classes will be available in the mornings, the evenings, and on Saturdays. Click here for more information on these classes and how to register.

Borough of Manhattan Community College Continuing Education, Literacy Department
http://www.bmcc.cuny.edu/ce
25 Broadway, 8th floor
New York, NY 10007
212-346-8890

Hunter College, Department of Curriculum and Teaching
http://hunteresl.pbworks.com/
695 Park Avenue
New York, NY 10021
212-772-4620

The City College of New York, Community Education Center
http://www.cps.ccny.edu
138th Street and Convent Avenue, Shepard Hall, Room 2
New York, NY 10031
212-650-7312

tag : NYPL ESOL adult class LANG ESL

2014-07-10 12:53 : 語学 : コメント : 0 : トラックバック : 0 :

[ELS] 自動返信メールのサンプル

SAMPLE 1

Title: Santa CLAUS is out of the office. (returning 24/12/2014}
Body:
I will be out of the office starting 1/12/2014 and will not return until 24/12/2014.
I am on a business trip and will respond when possible.

SAMPLE 2

Title: Santa CLAUS (returning 31/12/2014)
Body:
I am out of the office until 31/12/2014.
I am out of the office on holiday and will only be accessing email intermittently.
If your email is urgent and requires immediate attention, please contact reindeer1 or reindeer2 or specifically for Project X'mas, please contact reindeer3, reindeer4, or reindeer5 in my absence, or alternatively I will respond when I return.

tag : LANG ESL

2014-07-06 06:14 : 語学 : コメント : 0 : トラックバック : 0 :

[CSL] 中国の小学1年生の国語の教科書


38 门牙掉了 / men2 ya2 diao4 le
今天上午吃点心的时候,小光忽然觉得门牙在动,好像要掉了。他下了一跳,忙把牙齿按住,没想到牙齿还是掉了下来。小光急得叫了起来:"老师,我的牙齿掉了。"
jin1tian1 shang4wu3 chi1 dian3xin de shi2hou, xiao3guang1 hu1ran2 jue2 de men2ya2 zai4dong4, hao3xiang4 yao4 diao4le。ta1 xia4 le yi2tiao4, mang2 ba3 ya2chi3 an4zhu4, mei2xiang3dao4 ya2chi3 hai2 shi diao4 le xia4lai。xiao3guang1 ji2 de jiao4 le qi3 lai: " lao3shi1, wo3 de ya2chi3 diao4 le。"
老师笑着说:“小光长大了,要换牙齿了。”
lao3shi1 xiao4 zhe shuo1:"xiao3guang1 zhang3da4 le, yao4 huan4 ya2chi3 le。
小光问:“新牙齿什么时候长出来呀?”
xiao3guang1 wen4:"xin1ya2chi3 shen2me shi2hou zhang3 chu lai ya?"
老师说:“别着急,那就像种子发芽一样,过一段时间就会长出来的。”
lao3shi1 shuo1:"bie2 zhao2ji2, na4 jiu4xiang4 zhong3zi fa1ya2 yi2yang4, guo4yi1duan4 shi2jian1 jiu4 hui4 zhang3 chu lai de。"
小光听了,张开嘴巴笑起来,露出了一个小洞洞。
xiao3guang1 ting1 le, zhang1kai1 zui3ba xiao4 qi lai, lu4chu1 le yi2 ge4 xiao3 dong4dong。

39 三个谜语
下课了,我和丽丽,欢欢一起猜谜语。
丽丽说:"'白天出现,晚上不见。又红又圆,照亮地面。'这是什么?"
欢欢想了一下,笑着说:“我也有一个谜语,请你们猜。'一个球,圆溜溜,雨天不见晴天有。'”
我一听,乐了:“你俩说的是同一样东西。我也来说一个。'早晨跳出东海面,傍晚休息下西山。夏天我们躲着它,冬天人人都喜欢。'”
丽丽和欢欢一听,拍手叫道:“真有趣!三个谜语的谜底都一样。”

9th of 都:横撇弯钩

40 当妈妈拉开窗帘的时候
每天,当妈妈拉开窗帘的时候,我说,电影开场喽!
我看见太阳从东方升起,金色的阳光把每户的窗子都映得亮晶晶的。
窗外的大树在向我招手,数上的小鸟在枝头蹦着,跳着,唱着好听的歌。
几个小朋友在林阴道上练长跑,像一群快乐的小鹿。
我回过头来,对妈妈说:“妈妈,我也要跑到电影里去!”妈妈笑着打开了门。

1st to 3rd of 拉:这是提手旁

游子吟 / you2 zi3 yin2
唐·孟郊 / tang2 · meng4 jiao1
慈母手中线,/ ci mu shou zhong xian
游子身上衣。/ you zi shen shang yi
临行密密缝,/ lin xing mi mi feng
意恐迟迟归。/ yi kong chi chi gui
谁言寸草心,/ shei yan cun cao xin
报得三春晖。/ bao de san chun hui

七步诗 / qi bu shi
三国 魏·曹植 / san guo wei · cao zhi
煮豆燃豆萁,/ zhu dou ran dou qi
豆在釜中泣:/ dou zai fu zhong qi
“本是同根生,/ ben shi tong gen sheng
相煎何太急?”/ xiang jian he tai ji

41 小乌鸦爱妈妈
路边开满野菊花,
飞来一只小乌鸦,
不吵闹,不玩耍,
急急忙忙飞回家。
乌鸦妈妈年纪大,
飞不动了躺在家,
小乌鸦,叼虫子,
一口一口喂妈妈。
多懂事的小乌鸦,
多可爱的小乌鸦,
飞来飞去不忘记,
妈妈把它养育大。

3rd of 乌:竖折折钩

42 小海星快回家
小海星,爱玩沙,
开开心心沙上爬。
妈妈在找他:
“怎么傍晚不回家?”
海风轻轻吹,
像是在说话:
“小海星,天黑啦!
妈妈挂念你,
快回大海家。”

1st to 3rd of 沙:三点水旁

43 大竖琴 / da shu qin
黄浦江上两架琴。
设么琴?
大竖琴。
一架叫南浦,
一架叫杨浦。
两架大竖琴,
日夜弹不停。
弹的什么曲?
我的家乡―
上海在前进。

6th of 进:横折折撇

44 李白思乡
唐朝大诗人李白,常常到各地游览。
有一天,李白住在一个小山村里。夜深了,明亮的月光照在床前,地上好像铺了一层白霜。他抬头望着明月,想起了故乡,想起了亲人,就写了一首诗:
床前明月光,
疑是地上霜。
举头望明月,
低头思故乡。

6th to 9th of 思:心字底

所见 suo jian
清·袁枚 qing yuan mei
牧童骑黄牛, mu tong qi huang niu
歌声振林樾。 ge sheng zhen lin yue
意欲捕鸣蝉, yi yu bu ming chan
忽然闭口立。 hu ran bi kou li

小池 xiao chi
宋·杨万里 song yang wan li
泉眼无声惜细流, quan yan wu sheng xi xi liu
树阴照水爱晴柔。 shu yin zhao shui ai qing rou
小荷才露尖尖角, xiao he cai lu jian jian jiao
早有蜻蜓立上头。 zao you qing ting li shang tou

49 重阳节
九月九, 是重阳,
秋日晴,山风清。
古人登高避天灾,
我们登高赏风景。
登高望远秋色美,
但愿家家享太平。

1st of 九:横折弯钩

46 秋天到
秋天到,秋天到,
田里庄稼长得好。
棉花朵朵白,
大豆粒粒饱,
高粱涨红了脸,
稻子笑弯了腰。
秋天到,秋天到,
园果果子长得好。
枝头结柿子,
架上挂葡萄,
黄澄澄的是梨,
红彤彤的是枣。
秋天到,秋天到,
地里蔬菜长得好。
冬瓜披白纱,
茄子穿紫袍,
白菜一片绿油油,
又青又红是辣椒。

47 国庆节的晚上
十月一日是国庆节。
晚上,天安门广场真热闹。各色各样的焰火,把天空照得如同白天。只听“轰隆隆”一声巨响,无数彩色的火星从天而降,像天女散花一样。那颜色真是五彩缤纷,红彤彤、绿莹莹、金灿灿······焰火一个接一个,像一颗颗流星,像一朵朵菊花,像一串串珍珠,像一挂挂瀑布······
国庆节的晚上真美呀!

4th of 安:撇点

48 风姑娘送信
呼,呼,呼,风姑娘去送信。
风姑娘送一片落叶给燕子,燕子一看,说:“啊,秋天到了,我要到南方去。”
风姑娘送一片落叶给松鼠,松鼠一看,说:“啊,天气凉了,我要多采些松果藏起来。”
风姑娘送一片落叶给青蛙,青蛙一看,说“啊,冬天快要到了,我要挖个地洞好冬眠。”
风姑娘送一片落叶给小女孩的妈妈,妈妈一看,说:“阿,天快冷了,我要给宝宝准备过冬的衣服。”

1st to 3rd of 宝:宝★头

tag : LANG CSL

2014-06-18 23:20 : 語学 : コメント : 0 : トラックバック : 0 :

[JSL] 読めない漢字の読み方

漢字が9割が音符と意符から構成されている
音符を頼りにすれば読めない漢字も読めてしまうし
意符を頼りにすれば知らない漢字も理解出来てしまう

音符
 凶(きょう):胸、恟
 郷(きょう):饗、響
 豆(とう):登、頭
 包(ほう):砲、袍
 辰(しん):震、娠
 分(ふん):扮、雰
 古(こ):個、湖
 召(しょう):紹、照
 果(か):課、夥

意符
 うかんむり(家を表す):宿、室
 しんにょう(道、徒歩を表す):通、追

ref:
テストの花道, NHK

tag : 漢字 音符 意符 NHK LANG JSL

2014-04-12 11:25 : 語学 : コメント : 0 : トラックバック : 0 :

[ESL] 実に様々なEngrish

■Multiple languages
Latin-Romance+English+German+Russian Interlingua
English+Latin-Romance+German Occidental

■English
アラビア人 > Arabic > Arablish
Camerounais > Cameroonian, Camfranglais
Czech > Czenglish
中国人 > Chinese > Chinglish チングリッシュ
デンマーク人 > Danish > Danglish
オランダ人 > Dutch > Dunglish
フィンランド人 > Finnish > Finglish
フランス人 > French > Franglais
ドイツ人 > German > Denglisch
ヘブライ人 > Hebrew > Heblish
ヒンディー語 > Hindi > Hinglish ヒングリッシュ
香港人 > Hong Kong >
イタリア人 > Italian > Itanglese
日本人 > Japanese > Japanglish, Japlish, Janglish, Engrish
韓国人 > Korean > Hanglish ハングリッシュ, Konglish
マルタ語 > Maltese > Maltenglish
マレーシア人 > Malaysian > Manglish マングリッシュ
Namibia > Namlish
ポーランド人 > Polish > Poglish
ポルトガル人 > Portuguese > Porglish, Portuglish
ロシア人 > Russian > Runglish
セルビア人 > Serbian > Serblish
シチリア人 > Sicilian > Siculish
シンガポール人 > Singaporean > Singlish シングリッシュ
スペイン人 > Spanish, Spanglish, Llanito
スウェーデン人 > Swedish > Swenglish
タガログ人 > Tagalog > Englog, Taglish
タミル人 > Tamil > Tanglish
テルグ語 > Telugu > Tenglish
タイ人 > Thai > Tinglish
トルコ人 > Turkish > Turklish
ベトナム人 > Vietnamese > Vietglish ベトグリッシュ, Vietlish ベトリッシュ, Vinish ビニッシュ
Visayan > Bislish
イディッシュ語 > Yiddish > Yinglish

■French
Camerounais Camfranglais
Spanish Frespañol/Fragnol
Japanese Franponais
Occitan Meridional French
English Franglais

■German
Russian Deutschrussisch
Spanish Belgranodeutsch
English Denglisch

■Russian
German Deutschrussisch
Ukrainian Surzhyk, Balachka
Belarusian Trasyanka
Norwegian Russenorsk
English Runglish

■Spanish
Portuguese Portuñol/Portunhol
German Belgranodeutsch
English Spanglish and Llanito
Italian Cocoliche
Galician Castrapo
French Frespañol/Fragnol

■Portuguese
Spanish Portuñol/Portunhol
English Porglish/Portuglish

ref:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Engrish

tag : LANG ESL Engrish Singlish Konglish Manglish Vinish Chinglish Poglish

2014-03-17 01:30 : 語学 : コメント : 0 : トラックバック : 0 :

[ESL] NHKのラジオ語学講座をDLする方法

WinCaptureStream がシンプルでいい
http://www42.atwiki.jp/cachestream/pages/21.html

tag : NHK ラジオ 語学 講座 ダウンロード LANG ESL

2014-03-08 22:43 : 語学 : コメント : 0 : トラックバック : 0 :

[ESL] 英語の発音と発音記号

東京大学の公開講座「英語の発音と発音記号
iTunesなくても見れる

動画
http://todai.tv/contents-list/events/f5x1uw/4mbl29
英語の発音と発音記号(練習用)
http://park.itc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/eigo/hatsuon/

tag : 英語の発音と発音記号 LANG ESL

2014-03-08 22:13 : 語学 : コメント : 0 : トラックバック : 0 :
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